int remap_file_pages(void *start, size_t size, int prot, ssize_t pgoff, int flags);
描述remap_file_pages() 系统调用是用来建立一个非线性映射，也就是，在该文件的页被映射到存储器中的非连续的顺序映射. The advantage of using remap_file_pages() over using repeated calls to mmap(2) is that the former approach does not require the kernel to create additional VMA (Virtual Memory Area) data structures.
|1.||Use mmap() to create a mapping (which is initially linear). This mapping must be created with the MAP_SHARED flag.|
|2.||Use one or more calls to remap_file_pages() to rearrange the correspondence between the pages of the mapping and the pages of the file. It is possible to map the same page of a file into multiple locations within the mapped region.|
The start argument serves two purposes. First, it identifies the mapping whose pages we want to rearrange. Thus, start must be an address that falls within a region previously mapped by a call to mmap(). Second, start specifies the address at which the file pages identified by pgoff and size will be placed.
The values specified in start and size should be multiples of the system page size. If they are not, then the kernel rounds both values down to the nearest multiple of the page size.
The prot argument must be specified as 0.
The flags argument has the same meaning as for mmap(), but all flags other thanMAP_NONBLOCK are ignored.
返回值On success, remap_file_pages() returns 0. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
注意The remap_file_pages() system call appeared in Linux 2.5.46.
|EINVAL||start does not refer to a valid mapping created with theMAP_SHARED flag.|
|EINVAL||start, size, prot, or pgoff is invalid.|
遵循于The remap_file_pages() system call is Linux specific.
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